United States Navy

United States Navy
Grundlagt1794 (13. oktober 1775)
LandUSA USA
RolleMarine
Størrelse332.000 ansatte
124.000 reservister
280 skibe
3.700 fly
PentagonHovedkvarter
FarverBlå og guld
MarchAnchors Aweigh
Slag og krigeAmerikanske revolution
Quasi-krigen
Tripolikrigene
Britisk-amerikanske krig (1812)
Den Mexicansk-amerikanske krig
Amerikanske borgerkrig
Den spansk-amerikanske krig
1. verdenskrig
2. verdenskrig
Koreakrigen
Vietnamkrigen
Libyen 1986
Golfkrigen
Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Operation Odyssey Dawn
Dekorationer
Presidential Unit Citation

Navy Unit Commendation

Meritorious Unit Commendation
Ledere
Chief of Naval OperationsAdmiral Gary Roughead
Vice Chief of Naval OperationsViceadmiral Jonathan W. Greenert
Master Chief Petty Officer of the NavyMCPON Rick D. West
Insignier
OrlogsflagUSA
Traditionel gøs
Gøs under krigen mod terror
Fly fløjet
JagerbomberF/A-18A/B/C/D, F/A-18E/F
Elektronisk
krigsførelse
E-2, EP-3, E-6, EA-6B, EA-18G
JagerF/A-18A/B/C/D, F/A-18E/F
TransporthelikopterCH-53, CH-53E,
MultirollehelikopterSikorsky SH-60B/F, HH-60H, MH-60R/S,
TræningshelikopterBell TH-57
Alsidig helikopterBell UH-1, SH-3
PatruljeflyP-3, P-8
RekognosceringRQ-2
TræningF-5, F-16, T-2, T-6, T-34, T-39, T-45
TransportC-2, C-12, C-20, C-40, C-130

USA's marine,[1] United States Navy (USN eller U.S. Navy), er den maritime gren af det amerikanske forsvar og en af de seks værn i forsvaret. U.S. Navy er verdens største flåde og dens samlede tonnage er større end de næste 13 flåders tonnage lagt sammen.[2] U.S. Navy er også indehaver af verdens største hangarskibsflåde med 11 operative skibe, en under konstruktion (og yderligere to planlagt) samt yderligere en i reserve. Flåden havde i januar 2011 328.516 ansatte samt 101.689 i reserve. Flåden har 286 skibe og fartøjer og over 3.700 fly.[3]

Flåden kan spore sine rødder tilbage til Continental Navy, som blev etableret i 1775 under den Amerikanske revolution og blev derefter nedlagt kort efter krigens afslutning. USA's forfatning gav imidlertid det lovmæssige grundlag til at opretholde en stående militær styrke ved at lade kongressen få magten til at skaffe og vedligeholde en flåde.[4]

Piratangreb på amerikanske skibe langs Barbareskkysten i Middelhavet fik kongressen til at benytte sig af sine beføjelser ved at stemme "flådeloven af 1794" der omhandlede bygningen og bemandingen af seks amerikanske fregatter.[5] Disse skibe blev benyttet til at bekæmpe pirateriet langs den afrikanske nordkyst. I det 20. århundrede demonstrerede USA sine flådestyrkers evne ved, i årene 1907-1909, at sejle verden rundt med den Store hvide flåde.

US Navy fastholder i det 21. århundrede en betydelig global tilstedeværelse, og er tilstede i områder som Fjernøsten, Middelhavet og Mellemøsten. Flådens størrelse er enorm og har evner til at ændre lokale politiske situationer ved sin blotte tilstedeværelse. På denne måde er US Navy et tungtvejende politisk redskab.

Organisation

US Navy er den ene af to grene i Marineministeriet (Department of the Navy), det andet er United States Marine Corps. Marineministeriet er en civil instans med Marineministeren i spidsen. Marineministeriet er underlagt det amerikanske forsvarsministerium. Traditionelt set er den højestrangerende flådeofficer Chief of Naval Operations, en stilling der for tiden bestrides af en 4-stjernet Admiral Gary Roughead. den højestrangerende officer pt. er dog formanden for forsvarsstaben Admiral Michael Mullen.

Oversigt over flådernes ansvarsområder i 2008
  • 1. Flåde eksisterede fra 1947 men blev omdøbt til den 3. Flåde i 1973.

Baser

US Navy har et stort antal baser med henblik på at støtte militære operationer over hele verden. De fleste af baserne ligger langs øst- og vestkysten af USA, men der findes også baser på andre kontinenter og i andre lande, som eksempelvis Italien og Japan.

Skibe

Rangorden

Officersgruppen

NATO-rangOF-10OF-9OF-8OF-7OF-6OF-5OF-4OF-3OF-2OF-1OF(D)Kadet
Distinktion-
Amerikansk rangFleet AdmiralAdmiralVice AdmiralRear AdmiralRear Admiral (lower half)CaptainCommanderLieutenant CommanderLieutenantLieutenant (Junior grade)EnsignFindes ikke
Dansk rang-AdmiralViceadmiralKontreadmiralFlotilleadmiralKommandørKommandørkaptajnOrlogskaptajnKaptajnløjtnantPremierløjtnant
Løjtnant
--

Warrant Officergruppen

NATO-rang-----
Distinktion
Amerikansk rangChief Warrant Officer 5Chief Warrant Officer 4Chief Warrant Officer 3Chief Warrant Officer 2Warrant Officer
Dansk rang-----

Sergent og meniggruppen

NATO rangOR-9OR-9OR-8OR-7OR-6OR-5OR-4OR-3OR-2OR-1
Distinktion Ingen distinktion
Amerikansk rangMaster Chief Petty Officer of the Navy -
Fleet Master Chief Petty Officer
Command Master Chief Petty Officer -
Master Chief Petty Officer
Senior Chief Petty Officer -
Command Senior Chief Petty Officer
Chief Petty OfficerPetty Officer First ClassPetty Officer Second ClassPetty Officer Third ClassSeamanSeaman ApprenticeSeaman Recruit
Dansk rangChefsergent-SeniorsergentOversergentFindes ikkeSergentKorporalMarinespecialistMarineoverkonstabelMarinekonstabel
Marineelev

Referencer, kilder og eksterne links

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Flag of the United States Marine Corps.svg
Image taken from united-states-flag.com. This is a faithful representation of an original U.S. government work. As such, it attracts no new copyright. However, the USMC flag is protected by U.S. Trademark Registration Nos. 4852947 and 4193304, and may not be used commercially without a trademark license from the USMC's Trademark Licensing Office. Originally uploaded to en.wikipedia by Mbr7975; description page is (was) here: Marine corps flag.gif
US Navy CW4 insignia.svg
United States Navy Chief Warrant Officer 4 insignia
MCPO GC.svg
US Navy Master Chief Petty Officer shoulder patch rate insignia (good conduct variation)
Streamer PUC Navy.PNG
Presidential Unit Citation (United States) (navy version)
US Navy O9 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for a Vice Admiral in the United States Navy.
US Navy O4 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for a Lieutenant Commander in the United States Navy.
US Navy WO1 insignia.svg
United States Navy Warrant Officer 1 insignia
US Naval Jack.svg
The jack of the United States. From 1960 to 1975, 1977 to 2002, and from 2019 to the present, this flag was the naval jack as well.
US Navy O6 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for an unrestricted line Captain in the United States Navy.
US Navy O2 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for a Lieutenant, Junior Grade in the United States Navy.
MCPON.svg
US Navy Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy shoulder patch rate insignia
Navy Unit Commendation streamer (USMC).svg
Navy Unit Commendation streamer.
US Navy O8 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for a Rear admiral (upper half) in the United States Navy.
Naval Jack of the United States.svg
Current United States naval jack, used from 1960 to 1975, 1977 to 2002, and 2019 to the present.
CPO GC.svg
US Navy Chief Petty Officer shoulder patch rate insignia (good conduct variation)
US Navy O1 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for an Ensign in the United States Navy.
US Navy CW5 insignia.svg
United States Navy Chief Warrant Officer 5 insignia
E3 SM USN.svg
US Navy Seaman (SN) shoulder patch rate insignia
US Navy O5 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for a Commander in the United States Navy.
BM3 NOGC.svg
US Navy Petty Officer Third Class shoulder patch rate insignia
US Navy CW3 insignia.svg
United States Navy Chief Warrant Officer 3 insignia
PO1 NOGC.svg
US Navy Petty Officer First Class shoulder patch rate insignia
SCPO GC.svg
US Navy Senior Chief Petty Officer shoulder patch rate insignia (good conduct variation)
US Navy O11 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for a Fleet Admiral in the United States Navy.
US Navy O7 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for a Rear admiral (lower half) in the United States Navy.
BM2 NOGC.svg
US Navy Petty Officer Second Class shoulder patch rate insignia
FMCPO.svg
US Navy Fleet/Force Master Chief Petty Officer (FLTCM/FORCM) shoulder patch rate insignia
Seal of the United States Space Force.svg
Seal of the United States Space Force.
US Navy CW2 insignia.svg
United States Navy Chief Warrant Officer 2 insignia
E2 SM USN.svg
US Navy Seaman Apprentice (SA) shoulder patch rate insignia
US Navy O10 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for an Admiral in the United States Navy.
USCG Parade Flag.svg
The Service Color of the U.S. Coast Guard. This is not the same as the law enforcement ensign, which features vertical red stripes defaced with the anchor symbol of the USCG.
Seal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg
*Description: On a circular background of fair sky and moderate sea with land in sinister base, a tri-mast square rigged ship under way before a fair breeze with after top-sail furled, commission pennant atop the foremast, National Ensign atop the main, and the commodore's flag atop the mizzen. In front of the ship a luce-type anchor inclined slightly bendwise with the crown resting on the land and, in front of the shank and in back of the dexter fluke, an American bald eagle rising to sinister regarding to dexter, one foot on the ground, the other resting on the anchor near the shank; all in proper colors. The whole within a blue annulet bearing the inscription "Department of the Navy" at the top and "United States of America" at the bottom, separated on each side by a mullet and within a rim in the form of a rope; inscription, rope, mullet, and edges of annulet all gold. *Background: The policy for use of the Navy seal and emblem is contained in SECNAV Instr 5030.4 and SECNAV Instr 5030.6. The seal design was approved by the President of the United States by Executive Order 10736 dated October 23, 1957. Request for use of the Navy emblem should be submitted in writing to Defense Printing Service, ATTN: DPSMO, 8725 John Kingman Rd Suite 3239, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-6220. The telephone number is (703) 767-4218. 1879 version here: http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/54900/54985/54985_seal_navy.htm
Flag of the United States Navy.svg
The Flag of the United States Navy, as defined in Executive Order 10812 of April 24, 1959. The design is described there as:

The flag for the United States Navy is 4 feet 4 inches hoist by 5 feet 6 inches fly, of dark blue material, with yellow fringe, 2½ inches wide. In the center of the flag is a device 3 feet and 1 inch overall consisting of the inner pictorial portion of the seal of the Department of the Navy (with the exception that a continuation of the sea has been substituted for the land area), in its proper colors within a circular yellow rope edging, all 2 feet 6 inches in diameter above a yellow scroll inscribed "UNITED STATES NAVY" in dark blue letters.

The U.S. Navy flag is used for display purposes at ceremonies, parades, and other public functions where the U.S. Navy has an official presence, usually being carried by an honor guard on ceremonial occasions. It is not used for outdoor, fixed (permanent) purposes, and is not flown on Navy ships. Versions without fringe and different dimensions seem to be common, though it appears they are not technically the official U.S. Navy flag, as the executive order has not been amended.

Prior to 1959, the Navy Infantry Battalion flag was used to represent the U.S. Navy.

For more information, see the Navy's flag history page, SeaFlags, Flags of the World, U.S. Navy document NTP 13(B) [1], section 1710, and Navy regulation OPNAVINST 10520.1 (which replaced a similar SECNAVINST 10520.2D regulation from 1974).
US Navy O3 insignia.svg
Collar, shoulder, and sleeve rank insignia for a Lieutenant in the United States Navy.
Flag of the United States Army.svg
Det er let at give dette billede en kant
CMCPO.svg
US Navy Command Master Chief Petty Officer (CMDCM) shoulder patch rate insignia
USN Fleets (2008).png
US navy fleets areas of responsibility