Pashtunere

Pashtunere
پښتانه
Afghanske pashtunere
Antal
cirka 49 millioner (2009)[1]
Områder med store befolkninger
Pakistan Pakistan30.699.037 (2008)[2]
Afghanistan Afghanistan13.750.117 (2008)[3]
Forenede Arabiske Emirater UAE338.315 (2009)[4]
USA USA138.554 (2010)[5]
Iran Iran110.000 (1993)[6]
Storbritannien Storbritannien100.000 (2009)[7]
Tyskland Tyskland37.800 (2012)[8]
Canada Canada26.000 (2006)[9]
Indien Indien13.000 (2009)[10]
Rusland Rusland9.800 (2002)[11]
Australien Australien8.154 (2006)[12]
Malaysia Malaysia5.500 (2008)
Tadsjikistan Tadsjikistan4.000 (1970)[6]
Etnografi
SprogPashto, Dari i Afghanistan; Urdu i Pakistan
ReligionSunni Islam

Pashtunere (også pushtun, pashton, pakhtun, pasjtun, persisk: afghanere eller hindi: pathan) er en indo-iransk[13] etnisk gruppe i Afghanistan og Pakistan. Pashtunere taler pashto. Omkring 30

-35 % af Afghanistans indbyggere og 15 % af Pakistans taler pashto.[14] Nogle pashtunere ønsker et Pashtunistan.

Den samlede befolkning af Pashtuns i verden er ca. 50 millioner.[15]

Referencer

  1. ^ Lewis, Paul M. (2009). "Pashto, Northern". SIL International. Dallas, Texas: Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Hentet 18. september 2010. Ethnic population: 49,529,000 possibly total Pashto in all countries.
  2. ^ "Pakistan population: 199,085,847 (July 2015 est.) [Pashtun (Pathan) 15.42%] = 30,699,037". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Arkiveret fra originalen 25. december 2018. Hentet 10. februar 2012.
  3. ^ "Arkiveret kopi". Arkiveret fra originalen 13. november 2020. Hentet 25. april 2018.
  4. ^ "United Arab Emirates: Demography" (PDF). Encyclopædia Britannica World Data. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Hentet 15. marts 2008.
  5. ^ 42% of 200,000 Afghan-Americans = 84,000 and 15% of 363,699 Pakistani-Americans = 54,554. Total Afghan and Pakistani Pashtuns in USA = 138.554.
  6. ^ a b "Ethnologue report for Southern Pashto: Iran (1993)". SIL International. Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Hentet 5. maj 2012.
  7. ^ Maclean, William (10. juni 2009). "Support for Taliban dives among British Pashtuns". Reuters. Hentet 6. august 2009.
  8. ^ Relations between Afghanistan and Germany Arkiveret 16. januar 2017 hos Wayback Machine: Germany is now home to almost 90,000 people of Afghan origin. 42% of 90,000 = 37,800
  9. ^ "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada". 2.statcan.ca. 2006. Arkiveret fra originalen 6. januar 2019. Hentet 17. april 2010.
  10. ^ "Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues – 2001". Census of India. 2001. Arkiveret fra originalen 1. februar 2008. Hentet 17. marts 2008.
  11. ^ "Perepis.ru". perepis2002.ru (russisk). Arkiveret fra originalen 16. januar 2017. Hentet 25. april 2018.
  12. ^ "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex – Australia". 2006 Census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Arkiveret fra originalen (Microsoft Excel download) 10. marts 2008. Hentet 2. juni 2008. Total responses: 25,451,383 for total count of persons: 19,855,288.
  13. ^ Minahan, James B. (30. august 2012). Ethnic Groups of South Asia and the Pacific: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598846607 – via Google Books.
  14. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Arkiveret fra originalen 7. marts 2014. Hentet 3. november 2017.
  15. ^ Lewis, Paul M. (2009). "Pashto, Northern". SIL International. Dallas, Texas: Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Hentet 18. september 2010. Ethnic population: 49,529,000 possibly total Pashto in all countries.

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Flag of Canada introduced in 1965, using Pantone colors. This design replaced the Canadian Red Ensign design.
Pashtun people.jpg
Collage of images showing the Pashtun people. They make up the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan and the second largest in neighboring Pakistan.
Flag of Iran.svg
Flag of Iran. The tricolor flag was introduced in 1906, but after the Islamic Revolution of 1979 the Arabic words 'Allahu akbar' ('God is great'), written in the Kufic script of the Qur'an and repeated 22 times, were added to the red and green strips where they border the white central strip and in the middle is the emblem of Iran (which is a stylized Persian alphabet of the Arabic word Allah ("God")).
The official ISIRI standard (translation at FotW) gives two slightly different methods of construction for the flag: a compass-and-straightedge construction used for File:Flag of Iran (official).svg, and a "simplified" construction sheet with rational numbers used for this file.
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Forfatter/Opretter: Dr Haggis, Licens: CC BY-SA 3.0
Thunderbird on top of Totem Pole in Thunderbird Park in Victoria, BC Canada. Taken by Dr Haggis on 29JUL04
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Flag of Malaysia – Jalur Gemilang (Stripes of Glory)
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Forfatter/Opretter: Irina Kazanskaya from Moscow, Russia, Licens: CC BY 2.0
Khanty girls