Virreinato de Nueva España
Spansk koloni
Nyspaniens placering
Kort over de tidligere territorier tilhørende Vicekongedømmet Nyspanien
HovedstadMexico City
SprogOfficielt: Spansk (de facto), Nahuatl (de facto)
Almindelige: Mayasprog, Tagalog
Konge af Spanien 
• 1535–56
Karl I
• 1813–21
Ferdinand VII
• 1535–50
Antonio de Mendoza
• 1550-64
Luis de Velasco
• 1673-80
Payo Enríquez de Rivera
• Juli–september 1821
Juan O'Donojú
Historisk periodeKolonitiden
• Erobringen af Mexico
• Vicekongedømmet oprettet
• New Granada etableret,
   inklusive Panama
27. maj 1717
• San Ildefonso Traktat
1. oktober 1800
• Grito de Dolores
• Adams-Onis traktaten
• Mexikansk og Mellemamerikansk uafhængighed
• Anslået 1519
• Anslået 1810
5.000.000 til 6500000
Efterfulgt af
Første mexikanske imperium
Vicekongedømmet Ny Granada
Spansk Østindien

Nyspanien (på spansk Nueva España) var navnet på det nye spanske koloniale territorium i Nordamerika fra omkring 1525 til 1821. Hovedstaden i Nyspanien var Mexico City. Nyspanien blev regeret af en vicekonge udnævnt af kongen af Spanien. Nyspaniens territorium dækkende hele det nuværende Mexico, Mellemamerika til Costa Ricas sydlige grænse og dele af USA, blandt andet de nuværende stater Californien, Arizona, New Mexico og Texas, med landekrav længere mod nord med upræcist definerede grænser.

Kort over Nyspanien. Også Filippinerne blev administreret som en koloni hørende under Nyspanien.

Medier brugt på denne side

Charles I Spain-Full Achievement.svg
Forfatter/Opretter: Ipankonin, Licens: CC BY-SA 3.0
Full armorial achievement of Charles I of Spain
Punch Rhodes Colossus.png
The Rhodes Colossus: Caricature of Cecil John Rhodes, after he announced plans for a telegraph line and railroad from Cape Town to Cairo.
Map of the Viceroyalty of New Spain.svg
Forfatter/Opretter: Eddo, Licens: CC BY-SA 3.0
Anachronistic map of New Spain, built from Image:New_Spain.png by myself and released on multi-licence (GFDL and CC-BY 2.5). This image includes the territory of Louisiana, annexed to the Spanish Empire in 1763 after the Seven Years' War, but then given back to France in 1801. The areas in light green were territories claimed by Spain.
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg
Forfatter/Opretter: previous version User:Ignaciogavira ; current version HansenBCN, designs from SanchoPanzaXXI, Licens: CC BY-SA 3.0
Flag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931)

Digital reproduction of the Star Spangled Banner Flag, the 15-star and 15-stripe U.S. garrison flag which flew over Fort McHenry following the Battle of Baltimore in the War of 1812. Seeing the flag during the battle, and again the following morning, inspired Francis Scott Key's song The Star-Spangled Banner, now the U.S. national anthem. During the battle a smaller "storm flag" was flown; it was replaced by this larger flag early the next morning, which is the flag Key saw then. This larger flag is now displayed at the National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C. For several decades it remained in the family of Fort McHenry's commanding officer, before being given to the Smithsonian in 1912. The family cut pieces out of the flag from time to time as gifts.

The original flag was 42 feet long and 30 feet high, with each stripe being about two feet, and the stars being about two feet in diameter. It was made by Mary Young Pickersgill and her assistants. More info on the original dimensions here. The stars seem to mostly point to the side, except for one (the bottom right) which points down. One star has been cut out of the actual flag, so I'm guessing that originally pointed to the side as well (Fort McHenry flies a flag (File:Ft mchenry 15starflag.jpg) with a similar star pattern, but it looks like they are all to the side, and the other dimensions look similar to a modern flag). I guesstimated other dimensions and star positions based on File:Star-Spangled-Banner-1908-1919.jpg; the union (blue area) looks to be about 19 feet wide. The star rows look to be evenly distributed; i.e. the distance between the top/bottom edges and the center of a star row looks to be about the same as the distance between two (centers of) rows. Not so left-to-right; they are pretty close to the right edge and even closer to the hoist side. Also available here, page 12.
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg
Forfatter/Opretter: Ningyou., Licens: CC BY-SA 3.0
Flag with the cross of Burgundy (saltire). Also named Cross of Burgundy flag. It was used in the Catholic Monarchy and in its viceroyalties such as New Spain and Peru. It was also used by Spain as a military or king flag. Used by the Carlist movement.
US flag 23 stars.svg
US Flag with 23 stars. In use 4 July 1820–4 July 1822. Created by jacobolus using Adobe Illustrator, and released into the public domain.