EØS

Medlemmer af EØS
EU's medlemslande:      EØS-medlemmer      Foreløbigt EØS-medlem (Kroatien) EFTA's medlemslande:      EØS-medlemmer      Uden for EØS (Schweiz) Tidligere EU- og EØS-medlem      Storbritannien

EØS eller Det Europæiske Økonomiske Samarbejdsområde er et frihandelssamarbejde i Europa. EØS-aftalen blev underskrevet i maj 1992 mellem de daværende 12 medlemsstater af EF og de daværende seks EFTA-medlemsstater: Finland, Island, Norge, Schweiz, Sverige og Østrig. Efter en folkeafstemning i december 1992, der resulterede i et nej, ratificerede Schweiz ikke aftalen. Da aftalen trådte i kraft i begyndelsen af 1994, var der derfor 17 deltagerlande.

Siden da er tre af de oprindelige EFTA-lande, Østrig, Finland og Sverige, blevet fuldgyldige medlemmer af EU, mens Liechtenstein i maj 1995 tiltrådte EØS. Liechtenstein var blevet medlem af EFTA i 1991. Aftalen gælder derfor nu de 27 EU-medlemsstater og tre EFTA-lande, men ikke Schweiz, som dog stadig er medlem af EFTA.

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