Amerikanske vicepræsidenter

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Amerikas Forenede Stater



Andre lande • Politik
Vicepræsidentens flag

Vicepræsident er det næsthøjeste embede i USA efter præsidentembedet. Vicepræsidenten bliver valgt sammen med præsidenten og tager stillingen hvis præsidenten skulle dø, gå af eller blive afsat indenfor præsidentperioden. Vicepræsidenten er præsident og ordstyrer i USA's senat og har stemmeret ved stemmelighed, så at hans stemme i sådanne tilfælde bliver udslagsgivende. Embedet er således det eneste som har funktioner i både den udøvende gren og den lovgivende gren af statsmagten (som et brud på magtfordelingsprincippet).

Det er de samme formelle krav til vicepræsidenten som til præsidenten: For at kunne blive valgt, skal man være født som amerikansk statsborger, være minimum 35 år gammel og have boet i USA i de sidste 14 år. Man kan heller ikke have været præsident i to mandatperioder tidligere.

Liste over vicepræsidenter i USA

#Forlod stillingenBilledeNavnPartiPræsident
1.21 april 1789

-

4 marts 1797[1]

John AdamsJohn AdamsFøderalistGeorge Washington
2.4 marts 1797

-

4 marts 1801[1]

Thomas JeffersonThomas JeffersonDemokrat-republikanerJohn Adams
3.4 marts 1801

-

4 marts 1805

Aaron BurrAaron BurrDemokrat-republikanerThomas Jefferson
4.4 marts 1805

-

20 april 1812[2]

George ClintonGeorge ClintonDemokrat-republikanerThomas Jefferson/James Madison
Ingen vicepræsidentJames Madison
5.4 marts 1813

-

23 november 1814[2]

Elbridge GerryElbridge GerryDemokrat-republikaner
Ingen vicepræsident
6.4 marts 1817

-

4 marts 1825

Daniel D. TompkinsDemokrat-republikanerJames Monroe
7.4 marts 1825

-

28 december 1832[3]

John CalhounJohn C. CalhounDemokrat-republikaner
og demokrat
John Quincy Adams/Andrew Jackson
Ingen vicepræsidentAndrew Jackson
8.4 marts 1833

-

4 marts 1837[1]

Martin Van BurenMartin Van BurenDemokrat
9.4 marts 1837

-

4 marts 1841

Richard Mentor JohnsonRichard Mentor JohnsonDemokratMartin Van Buren
10.4 marts 1841

-

4 april 1841[4]

John TylerJohn TylerWhig[5]William Henry Harrison
Ingen vicepræsidentJohn Tyler
11.4 marts 1845

-

4 marts 1849

George M. DallasGeorge M. DallasDemokratJames Knox Polk
12.4 marts 1849

-

9 juli 1850[4]

Millard FillmoreMillard FillmoreWhigZachary Taylor
Ingen vicepræsidentMillard Fillmore
13.4 marts 1853

-

18 april 1853[2]

William R. KingWilliam R. KingDemokratFranklin Pierce
Ingen vicepræsident
14.4 marts 1857

-

4 marts 1861

John C. BreckinridgeJohn C. BreckinridgeDemokratJames Buchanan
15.4 marts 1861

-

4 marts 1865

Hannibal HamlinHannibal HamlinRepublikanerAbraham Lincoln
16.4 marts 1865

-

15 april 1865[4]

Andrew JohnsonAndrew JohnsonDemokrat
Ingen vicepræsidentAndrew Johnson
17.4 marts 1869

-

4 marts 1873

Schuyler ColfaxSchuyler ColfaxRepublikanerUlysses S. Grant
18.4 marts 1873

-

22 november 1875[2]

Henry WilsonHenry WilsonRepublikaner
Ingen vicepræsident
19.4 marts 1877

-

4 marts 1881

William WheelerWilliam A. WheelerRepublikanerRutherford B. Hayes
20.4 marts 1881

-

19 september 1881[4]

Chester A. ArthurChester A. ArthurRepublikanerJames Garfield
Ingen vicepræsidentChester A. Arthur
21.4 marts 1885

-

25 november 1885[2]

Thomas HendricksThomas A. HendricksDemokratGrover Cleveland
Ingen vicepræsident
22.4 marts 1885

-

4 marts 1889

Levi MortonLevi P. MortonRepublikanerBenjamin Harrison
23.4 marts 1889

-

4 marts 1893

Adlai E. StevensonAdlai E. StevensonDemokratGrover Cleveland
24.4 marts 1893

-

21 november 1899[2]

Garret HobartGarret HobartRepublikanerWilliam McKinley
Ingen vicepræsident
25.4 marts 1901

-

14 september 1901[4][1]

Theodore RooseveltTheodore RooseveltRepublikaner
Ingen vicepræsidentTheodore Roosevelt
26.4 marts 1905

-

4 marts 1909

Charles W. FairbanksCharles W. FairbanksRepublikaner
27.4 marts 1909

-

30 oktober 1912[2]

James S. ShermanJames S. ShermanRepublikanerWilliam Howard Taft
Ingen vicepræsident
28.4 marts 1913

-

4 marts 1921

Thomas R. MarshallThomas R. MarshallDemokratWoodrow Wilson
29.4 marts 1921

-

2 august 1923[4][1]

Calvin CoolidgeCalvin CoolidgeRepublikanerWarren G. Harding
Ingen vicepræsidentCalvin Coolidge
30.4 marts 1925

-

4 marts 1929

Charles DawesCharles G. DawesRepublikaner
31.4 marts 1929

-

4 marts 1933

Charles CurtisCharles CurtisRepublikanerHerbert Hoover
32.4 marts 1933

-

20 januar 1941

John N. GarnerJohn N. GarnerDemokratFranklin D. Roosevelt
33.20 januar 1941

-

20 januar 1945

Henry WallaceHenry A. WallaceDemokrat
34.20 januar 1945

-

12 april 1945[4][1]

Harry S. TrumanHarry S. TrumanDemokrat
Ingen vicepræsidentHarry S. Truman
35.20 januar 1949

-

20 januar 1953

Alben BarkleyAlben W. BarkleyDemokrat
36.20 januar 1953

-

20 januar 1961[6]

Richard NixonRichard NixonRepublikanerDwight D. Eisenhower
37.20 januar 1961

.-

22 november 1963[4][1]

Lyndon B. JohnsonLyndon B. JohnsonDemokratJohn F. Kennedy
Ingen vicepræsidentLyndon B. Johnson
38.20 januar 1965

-

20 januar 1969

Hubert HumphreyHubert HumphreyDemokrat
39.20 januar 1969

-

10 oktober 1973[3]

Spiro AgnewSpiro AgnewRepublikanerRichard Nixon
Ingen vicepræsident
40.6 december 1973

-

9 august 1974[7]

Gerald FordGerald FordRepublikaner
Ingen vicepræsidentGerald Ford
41.19 december 1974

-

20 januar 1977

Nelson RockefellerNelson RockefellerRepublikaner
42.20 januar 1977

-

20 januar 1981

Walter MondaleDemokratJimmy Carter
43.20 januar 1981

-

20 januar 1989[1]

George H. W. BushGeorge H.W. BushRepublikanerRonald Reagan
44.20 januar 1989

-

20 januar 1993

Dan QuayleDan QuayleRepublikanerGeorge H.W. Bush
45.20 januar 1993

-

20 januar 2001

Al GoreAl GoreDemokratBill Clinton
46.20 januar 2001

-

20 januar 2009

Dick CheneyDick CheneyRepublikanerGeorge W. Bush
47.20 januar 2009

-

20 januar 2017[8]

Joe BidenJoe BidenDemokratBarack Obama
48.20 januar 2017

-

20 januar 2021

Mike PenceMike PenceRepublikanerDonald Trump
49.20 januar 2021

-

siddende

Kamala Harris Vice Presidential Portrait.jpgKamala HarrisDemokratJoe Biden

Fodnoter

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Blev præsident efter vicepræsidentperioden
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Døde i embedet
  3. ^ a b Trak sig fra stillingen
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Overtog som præsident da præsidenten døde
  5. ^ Demokrat på Whig-valgseddel
  6. ^ Blev valgt til præsident i 1968
  7. ^ Overtog som præsident efter præsidentens fratræden
  8. ^ Blev valgt til præsident i 2020

Se også

Eksterne henvisninger


Medier brugt på denne side

John C Breckinridge-04775-restored.jpg

John C. Breckinridge. Library of Congress description: "Breckinridge, Hon. John C. Senator from Ky. General in CSA, Sec of War Confederate Cabinet"

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Dette er et retoucheret billede, hvilket betyder, at det er blevet digitalt ændret fra sin oprindelige version. Ændringer: Scratches removed, cropped, brightness/contrast. Originalen kan ses her: John C. Breckinridge - Brady-Handy.jpg. Ændringer blev udført af AJCham.

Alben Barkley.jpg
Alben William Barkley. 35th Vice President of the United States (1949-1953)
Thomas Andrews Hendricks.jpg
Thomas Andrews Hendricks.
Henry-A.-Wallace-Townsend(cropped).jpg
Cropped photograph of Henry Agard Wallace, 1888–1965, bust portrait, facing left.
Nelson Rockefeller.jpg
The official photograph of Vice President Nelson Rockefeller released by the White House.
Elbridge-gerry-painting.jpg
Elbridge Gerry (1744–1814), American statesman
Joe Biden official portrait 2013 cropped.jpg
Cropped official portrait of Vice President Joe Biden in his West Wing Office at the White House, Jan. 10, 2013. (Official White House Photo by David Lienemann)
Dan Quayle crop.jpg
Department of Defense portrait of Vice President Dan Quayle
William Rufus King..jpg
Engraving of then–U.S. Senator William R. King (1786–1853), who died several weeks after becoming vice president of the United States.
Kamala Harris Vice Presidential Portrait.jpg
Official portrait of Vice President Kamala Harris.
Mike Pence official Vice Presidential portrait.jpg
Vice President Michael Pence poses for his official portrait at The White House, in Washington, D.C., on Tuesday, October 24, 2017. (Official White House Photo by D. Myles Cullen)
Mn 1984 mondale (cropped).jpg
Walter F. Monday [sic] served in the U.S. Senate from 1964 to 1976, and as vice president of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Richard Nixon.07-08-1971.jpg
Prezydent USA Richard Nixon, 1971
HenryWilson.jpg
Henry Wilson, Vice President of the United States
Charles Dawes.jpg
Forfatter/Opretter: Harris & Ewing, Licens: CC BY-SA 4.0
Charles G. Dawes
Daniel D Tompins by John Wesley Jarvis.jpg
Portriat of Daniel D. Tompins
Hubert Humphrey vice presidential portrait.jpg
Hubert Humphrey's vice presidential portrait
Gerald Ford (croped).jpg
Prezydent USA Gerard Ford w 1976
Garret Augustus Hobart.jpg
Garret Augustus Hobart.
John Neagle, Richard Mentor Johnson, 1843, NGA 166465.jpg
Forfatter/Opretter:
John Neagle
, Licens: CC0
George Clinton by Ezra Ames.jpg
George Clinton, by Ezra Ames
Vanderlyn Burr.jpg
Portrait of Aaron Burr (1756-1836)
Vice-president of the US George Dallas.jpg
Vice-president of the US George Dallas (1792-1864)
ThomasJeffersonStateRoomPortrait.jpg
Portrait of Thomas Jefferson which hangs in the Thomas Jefferson State Reception Room on the 8th floor of the main U.S. Department of State building in Washington, D.C. It was painted by Charles Willson Peale while Jefferson was Secretary of State. It is probably a replica of Peale's 1791 portrait of Jefferson which hangs in the Independence National Historical Park. For more information, see here and here.
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Image taken from united-states-flag.com. This is a faithful representation of an original U.S. government work. As such, it attracts no new copyright. However, the USMC flag is protected by U.S. Trademark Registration Nos. 4852947 and 4193304, and may not be used commercially without a trademark license from the USMC's Trademark Licensing Office. Originally uploaded to en.wikipedia by Mbr7975; description page is (was) here: Marine corps flag.gif
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Portrait of President Harry S. Truman..
Seal of the Vice President of the United States.svg
Seal of the Vice President of the United States. The blazon is defined in Executive Order 11884 as:

The Coat of Arms of the Vice President of the United States shall be of the following design:

SHIELD: Paleways of thirteen pieces argent and gules, a chief azure; upon the breast of an American eagle displayed holding in his dexter talon an olive branch proper and in his sinister a bundle of thirteen arrows gray, and in his beak a gray scroll inscribed "E PLURIBUS UNUM" sable.

CREST: Behind and above the eagle a radiating glory or, on which appears an arc of thirteen cloud puffs gray, and a constellation of thirteen mullets gray.

The Seal of the Vice President of the United States shall consist of the Coat of Arms encircled by the words "Vice President of the United States."

The design is the same as the Seal of the President of the United States, except that there is no ring of stars, the clouds are gray (instead of proper), the stars are gray (instead of argent), the scroll is gray (instead of white), the arrows are gray (instead of proper), and the background colors and inscription (obviously) differ.
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Photo portrait of President Lyndon B. Johnson in the Oval Office, leaning on a chair.
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The Service Color of the U.S. Coast Guard. This is not the same as the law enforcement ensign, which features vertical red stripes defaced with the anchor symbol of the USCG.
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Young Theodore Roosevelt
John Tyler by George P. A. Healy.JPG
Transfer from the National Museum of American Art; gift of Friends of the National Institute
Vice President George H. W. Bush portrait.jpg
Vice President George H. W. Bush
VicePresident-WmAlWheeler.jpg
Vice President of the United States en:William A. Wheeler.
Flag of the United States Navy.svg
The Flag of the United States Navy, as defined in s:Executive Order 10812 of April 24, 1959. The design is described there as:

The flag for the United States Navy is 4 feet 4 inches hoist by 5 feet 6 inches fly, of dark blue material, with yellow fringe, 2½ inches wide. In the center of the flag is a device 3 feet and 1 inch overall consisting of the inner pictorial portion of the seal of the Department of the Navy (with the exception that a continuation of the sea has been substituted for the land area), in its proper colors within a circular yellow rope edging, all 2 feet 6 inches in diameter above a yellow scroll inscribed "UNITED STATES NAVY" in dark blue letters.

The U.S. Navy flag is used for display purposes at ceremonies, parades, and other public functions where the U.S. Navy has an official presence, usually being carried by an honor guard on ceremonial occasions. It is not used for outdoor, fixed (permanent) purposes, and is not flown on Navy ships. Versions without fringe and different dimensions seem to be common, though it appears they are not technically the official U.S. Navy flag, as the executive order has not been amended.

Prior to 1959, the Navy Infantry Battalion flag was used to represent the U.S. Navy.

For more information, see the Navy's flag history page, SeaFlags, Flags of the World, U.S. Navy document NTP 13(B) [1], section 1710, and Navy regulation OPNAVINST 10520.1 (which replaced a similar SECNAVINST 10520.2D regulation from 1974).
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Millard Fillmore.
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John Nance Garner
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The greater coat of arms of the United States of America, as depicted on passports, embassies and the Great Seal.
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Det er let at give dette billede en kant
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Chester A Arthur.
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Hannibal Hamlin, circa 1860-65. Vice President of the United States.
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Spiro Agnew, 39th Vice President of the United States and the 55th Governor of Maryland. Image taken in Washington, D.C.